Electric vehicles: Mobility beyond what is established
Nowadays, one of the most important emerging sectors in our society is undoubtedly the electric vehicle. In the last few years, the number of electric vehicles has increased exponentially worldwide, so that by 2021 almost 10% of car sales were EVs.
It is obvious that road vehicles, both cars and motorcycles, are the main boosters of this change towards sustainability that EVs represent, but, contrary to ordinary belief, electric mobility goes far beyond conventional vehicle.
More and more, personal mobility vehicles such as scooters and segways are easily found in cities. These types of vehicles represent a change in urban mobility thanks to the flexibility and independence they offer to drivers. Although autonomy can sometimes be a limiting factor in this type of vehicle, the easy rechargeability and reduced weight of these vehicles make possible that everyday more and more people rely on this alternative to traditional vehicles.
Another area in which electric mobility has made his way through is in last-mile deliveries, which are focused on managing the last few kilometers that packages have to travel before reaching their final destination. The constant technological development of the electric vehicle and the irruption of new technologies have led to the creation of many new vehicles adapted to each specific transportation necessity, reducing delivery costs, increasing the reach of distribution networks and allowing the monitoring of fleets through cloud services, which allows tracking of shipments for both the entrepreneur and the final client.
Day after day, the electric vehicle continues growing and diversifying himself, reaching all kinds of sectors, from waste removal services to adapted mobility and autonomous vehicles, but, how is it possible that in such a short time the electric vehicle had gone from being just another option to fossil fuels to becoming the reference in terms of alternative mobility? Clearly there are several factors responsible for this change, but the versatility of the electric powertrain is, without a doubt, the main reason for the apparition of this new era of vehicles, smaller, lighter and adapted to specific necessities.
The main difference between a traditional powertrain and an electric one is the flexibility that the latter brings to the design process, allowing atypical configurations where, for example, the position of the motor or the battery can vary according to the space distribution needs in the vehicle. Regarding this matter, innovative solutions aimed at gaining more space for passengers, such as the integration of in-wheel motors or the use of the battery as a structural element of the chassis, are becoming more and more common.
This flexibility in the design provided by the electric powertrain, together with our constant focus on innovation and technological development, has allowed EEVAM to be involved not only in the development of traditional vehicles, but also in the creation of other more innovative and unusual vehicles, such as handbikes, trikes or omnidirectional vehicles. Despite being a well differentiated sector, the electric vehicle not only opens the door to the development of new forms of mobility, but also encourages the appearance of new technologies in the field of traditional vehicles allowing us to expand our range of activity and participate, among others, in projects for the design of control algorithms, integration of power distribution systems or development of steer-by-wire systems.